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Assignment?

**Part** **I.** **Multiple** **Choice** **(24** **points)**

- (2 points) A hospital bought a new CAT scan machine for $2 million. The hospital plans to keep the machine for 10 years, at which point it expects to sell the machine for $200,000. The annual depreciation expense is (select one):

- $18,000 b. $180,000
- $1,800,000 d. $20,000
- $200,000 f. $2,000,000

- (2 points) Which of the following items might appear on an operating budget? (Select all that apply)

- Beginning balances b. Borrowed funds
- Interest on borrowed funds
- Repayment of borrowed funds e. Purchase of capital assets
- Depreciation of capital assets g. Profits

- (2 points) Suppose a theater plans to take out a loan to address an anticipated cash shortfall in its first year of operation. Which of the following numbers on the quarterly cash budget would indicate the minimum amount needed to fully address the cash shortfall? (Select one)

- The first-quarter ending balance b. The fourth-quarter ending balance
- The sum of all four quarters’ ending balances d. The largest negative quarterly ending balance e. The annual ending balance

- (3 points) Which of the following would be considered indirect costs for the art department of a high school? (Select all that apply)

- The art teacher’s salary b. The principal’s salary
- The science teacher’s salary d. The janitor’s salary
- Art supplies
- The school’s rental lease

- (2 points) Which of the following is an example of an activity-based-costing (ABC) duration cost driver? (Select one)

- Number of employees b. Staff hours
- Square feet occupied d. Production volume

- (2 points) A hospital is considering constructing a new wing. This project would entail up-front construction costs and would generate future revenues. If the project’s net present value is negative, then the internal rate of return must be (select one):

- Greater than the discount rate b. Equal to the discount rate
- Less than the discount rate

- (3 points) Identify the correct sequence of the government budget process by assigning numbers (1 through 5) to each of the following stages:

__ __Executive budget

__ __Budget call

__ __Legislative action

__ __Budget review

__ __Agency requests

3

- (4 points) Fill in the blanks, selecting your answers from the following list:

- Functional budget b. Flexible budget
- Line-item budget d. Program budget
- Responsibility center budget f. Special purpose budget

__ __Shows how profits change with production volume

__ __Shows the profits of each of the organization’s major mission-related activities

__ __Shows program expenses and supporting-services expenses separately

__ __Shows expenses incurred by each managerial unit

- (4 points) Which method is appropriate for each scenario? Fill in the blanks, selecting your answers from the following list:

- Annualized cost
- Future value of an annuity c. Internal rate of return
- Net present cost e. Net present value
- Present value of an annuity

The manager of a science museum is trying to decide whether or not to install a new exhibit. The exhibit would entail a single up-front installation cost and would generate admissions revenue in each of the ten years of its estimated useful lifetime. The

amount of revenue is expected to vary from year to year. __ __

An international relief organization has received five-year donor pledge, whereby the donor will donate the same amount each year for five years. The manager plans to invest the donations as they are received, and wants to know how much they will be

worth at the end of year five. __ __

The manager of a soup kitchen is trying to decide which of two refrigerators is more cost-effective. One refrigerator has a higher purchase price, lower annual energy costs, and a longer expected useful lifetime than the other. Otherwise the two refrigerators

are identical. __ __

Which method should not be used because it sometimes generates misleading answers?

**Part** **II.** **Analytical** **Problems** **(42** **points)**

- (7 points) Exactly three years ago, Wagner City issued a ten-year bond with a face value of $10,000 that makes semiannual interest payments at an annual rate of 5%. The current market rate is 6%.

- How much is the bond worth today? Show your work and circle your answer.

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to solve the problem in part a.

- (8 points) The manager of a soup kitchen expects that she will need to replace the kitchen’s oven three years from now. Her goal is to have saved $5,000 by that time.

- If the manager sets aside $120 at the beginning of each month for three years, what annual interest rate would she need to earn in order to reach her goal? Show your work and circle your answer.

- Suppose the manager learns that she can earn an annual interest rate of 4%. How much must she deposit at the beginning of each month (instead of the $120 she had planned in part a) in order to reach her goal? Show your work and circle your answer.

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to solve the problem in part b.

- (7 points) Urban University’s community service office is planning an “alternative spring break” trip, in which students will travel to Florida and build a house for a low-income family. The university has agreed to contribute $20,000 to help defray costs. The two trip leaders will be paid $2,000 each. Travel, accommodations, and food will cost a total of $450 per student, and 40 students are expected to participate. What fee should be charged to each student in order for the trip to break even? Use
__break-even____analysis__(do not prepare a budget), show your work, and circle your answer.

- (10 points) A hospital is trying to decide which of two MRI machines to buy. Machine A has a higher purchase price than Machine B, but would require lower maintenance costs and would generate more patient revenues, as shown in the tables below. The hospital uses a discount rate of 5%.

- Calculate the
__net present value__of each machine. Show your work and circle both of your solutions.

Machine A

Year Cash outflows Cash inflows

Machine B

Year Cash outflows Cash inflows

0 2,000,000 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 100,000 5 100,000

0 700,000 750,000 800,000 800,000 850,000

0 1,500,000 1 0 2 0 3 100,000 4 200,000 5 200,000

0 700,000 700,000 750,000 750,000 800,000

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to find the net present value of Machine A.

- Which machine should the hospital buy?

- (10 points) Wagner City’s transit authority planned to charge a subway fare of $1.50 and a bus fare of $1.00 in fiscal year 2008, but ended up raising the subway fare to $1.75 at the beginning of the year (the bus fare of $1.00 remained in effect as planned). The transit authority expected riders to make a total of 48,000 subway trips and 32,000 bus trips during fiscal year 2008, but the actual numbers were 40,000 subway trips and 40,000 bus trips.

- Calculate the
__total, volume, mix, and price variances__. Show your work and circle each of your four solutions.

- Write few sentences explaining your results in plain language (i.e. without using financial jargon).

**Part** **III.** **Budget** **Preparation** **(34** **points)**

Atlantic Aquarium is a small, three-year-old, not-for-profit aquarium. As the aquarium’s financial manager, you are responsible for preparing an __annual operating budget__ and a __semiannual cash budget__ for fiscal year 2010, which begins on January 1, 2010. (Semiannual means your cash budget must separately show the first half of the year and the second half of the year in side-by-side columns. You do NOT need to include a third column showing the annual total.)

In FY 2010, an estimated 100,000 visitors will visit the aquarium, spread evenly throughout the year. Admissions prices are $10 for general admission and $5 for children and senior citizens. You expect 60% of the visitors to pay the general admission price and the rest to qualify for the discounted price. In addition, you expect the aquarium to earn a $300,000 research grant and $100,000 in contributions. The research grant will be received in January. The contributions will be received evenly throughout the year. The aquarium will begin FY 2010 with $12,000 in cash.

The aquarium’s employees will earn annual salaries and benefits totaling $400,000, to be paid in twelve equal monthly installments during the year. The aquarium plans to pay for $200,000 worth of fish food and other supplies in January and use them evenly throughout the year. The aquarium will hold a special event in December at a cost of $100,000; the Aquarium will pay half of this amount in December and half in January of FY 2011. Utilities will cost $50,000 and will be used and paid for evenly throughout the year. The aquarium expects to receive and pay for $300,000 worth of new equipment in January. The equipment is expected to last 10 years and to have no salvage value. The aquarium owns its own building, which was purchased and renovated three years ago at a cost of $5 million. You estimate that the building has a total useful lifetime of 25 years and no salvage value. The aquarium has no outstanding loans and no plans to borrow.

(Please do not use this space)

8

Please prepare your __annual operating budget__ on this page.

Please prepare your __semiannual cash budget__ on this page.

10

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY

ROBERT F. WAGNER GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC SERVICE P11.1021: Financial Management Midterm Examination

Professors Charles, Forsythe and Rose Spring 2009

**SOLUTIONS**

Name: ________________________________________________

Student ID: ____________________________________________

Section (circle one): Wednesday 12:30 pm Forsythe

Wednesday 6:45 pm Rose

Thursday 12:30 pm Rose

Thursday 6:45 pm Charles

Instructions:

1) Please turn off your cell phone.

2) Print your initials at the top of each page.

3) You may use one page of notes. Please put away all other materials.

4) You may use, but not share, a calculator. Remember to clear it between calculations!

5) Write clearly, show your work, and circle your final answer to each question.

6) When you are done, hand in your exam and your page of notes.

Good luck!

=============================================================== This section is for graders:

2 _____________ 3 _____________ 4 _____________ 5 _____________

6 _____________ 7 _____________ 9 _____________ 10 _____________

Total Exam Points _____________ x 40% of Course Grade = Course Points _____________

1

**Part** **I.** **Multiple** **Choice** **(24** **points)**

- (2 points) A hospital bought a new CAT scan machine for $2 million. The hospital plans to keep the machine for 10 years, at which point it expects to sell the machine for $200,000. The annual depreciation expense is (select one):

- $18,000
**$180,000****[2]**c. $1,800,000 d. $20,000- $200,000 f. $2,000,000

- (2 points) Which of the following items might appear on an operating budget? (Select all that apply)

- Beginning balances b. Borrowed funds
**Interest****on****borrowed****funds****[1/2]**d. Repayment of borrowed funds- Purchase of capital assets
**Depreciation****of****capital****assets****[1]****g.****Profits****[1/2]**

**Subtract** **1** **point** **for** **each** **incorrect** **answer** **[minimum** **points** **=** **0]**

- (2 points) Suppose a theater plans to take out a loan to address an anticipated cash shortfall in its first year of operation. Which of the following numbers on the quarterly cash budget would indicate the minimum amount needed to fully address the cash shortfall? (Select one)

- The first-quarter ending balance b. The fourth-quarter ending balance
- The sum of all four quarters’ ending balances
**The****largest****negative****quarterly****ending****balance****[2]**e. The annual ending balance

2

- (3 points) Which of the following would be considered indirect costs for the art department of a high school? (Select all that apply)

- The art teacher’s salary
**The****principal’s****salary****[1]**c. The science teacher’s salary**d.****The****janitor’s****salary****[1]**- Art supplies
**The****school’s****rental****lease****[1]**

**Subtract** **1** **point** **for** **each** **incorrect** **answer** **[minimum** **points** **=** **0]**

- (2 points) Which of the following is an example of an activity-based-costing (ABC) duration cost driver? (Select one)

- Number of employees
**b.****Staff****hours****[2]** - Square feet occupied d. Production volume

- (2 points) A hospital is considering constructing a new wing. This project would entail up-front construction costs and would generate future revenues. If the project’s net present value is negative, then the internal rate of return must be (select one):

- Greater than the discount rate b. Equal to the discount rate
**Less****than****the****discount****rate****[2]**

- (3 points) Identify the correct sequence of the government budget process by assigning numbers (1 through 5) to each of the following stages:

** 4** Executive budget

** 5** Legislative action

** 2** Agency requests

**Subtract** **1/2** **p****oint** **for** **each** **incorrect** **number;** **if** **all** **numbers** **are** **incorrect,** **0** **points.**

3

- (4 points) Fill in the blanks, selecting your answers from the following list:

- Functional budget b. Flexible budget
- Line-item budget d. Program budget
- Responsibility center budget f. Special purpose budget

__b__**[1]** Shows how profits change with production volume

__d__**[1]** Shows the profits of each of the organization’s major mission-related activities

__a__**[1]** Shows program expenses and supporting-services expenses separately

__e__**[1]** Shows expenses incurred by each managerial unit

- (4 points) Which method is appropriate for each scenario? Fill in the blanks, selecting your answers from the following list:

- Annualized cost
- Future value of an annuity c. Internal rate of return
- Net present cost e. Net present value
- Present value of an annuity

The manager of a science museum is trying to decide whether or not to install a new exhibit. The exhibit would entail a single up-front installation cost and would generate admissions revenue in each of the ten years of its estimated useful lifetime. The amount of revenue is expected to vary from year to year. __e [1]__

An international relief organization has received five-year donor pledge, whereby the donor will donate the same amount each year for five years. The manager plans to invest the donations as they are received, and wants to know how much they will be worth at the end of year five. __b [1]__

The manager of a soup kitchen is trying to decide which of two refrigerators is more cost-effective. One refrigerator has a higher purchase price, lower annual energy costs, and a longer expected useful lifetime than the other. Otherwise the two refrigerators are identical. __a [1]__

Which method should not be used because it sometimes generates misleading answers? __c [1]__

4

**Part** **II.** **Analytical** **Problems** **(42** **points)**

- (7 points) Exactly three years ago, Wagner City issued a ten-year bond with a face value of $10,000 that makes semiannual interest payments at an annual rate of 5%. The current market rate is 6%.

- How much is the bond worth today? Show your work and circle your answer. rate 0.03 [1]

nper 14 [1] pmt 250 [1] fv 10000 [1]

PV = ($9,435.20) [2] **OK** **if** __both__**pmt** **and** **fv** **are** **negative** **and** **solution** **is** **positive**

**Subtract** **½** **if** **signs** **on** **pmt** **and** **fv** **are** **different,** **even** **if** **s****olution** **is** **correct** **Subtract** **2** **if** **interest** **rates** **are** **reversed** **(solution** **=** **10,584.55)**

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to solve the problem in part a.

**=PV(6%/2,7*2,250,10000)** **[1]**

**OK** **if** **numbers** **are** **wrong,** **but** **consistent** **with** **part** **a**

**OK** **if** **rate=.06/2,** **.03,** **or** **3%** **and** **nper=14.** **Subtract** **½** **for** **each** **error** **(no** **%** **or** **decimal,** **250** **and** **10000** **have** **different** **signs,** **comma** **in** **1****0000,** **etc.)** **Min=0**

- (8 points) The manager of a soup kitchen expects that she will need to replace the kitchen’s oven three years from now. Her goal is to have saved $5,000 by that time.

- If the manager sets aside $120 at the beginning of each month for three years, what annual interest rate would she need to earn in order to reach her goal? Show your work and circle your answer.

nper 36 [1] fv 5,000 [1/2]

pmt type=1

monthly rate annual rate

(120) [1/2]

0.78% [1] 9.31% [1]

**OK** **if** **monthly** **rate** **is** **not** **reported** **but** **annual** **rate** **is** **correct**

**Subtract** **½** **if** **signs** **on** **pmt** **and** **fv** **are** **shown** **as** **same,** **even** **if** **solution** **is** **correct** **Subtract** **½** **for** **rounding** **errors** **(solution** **=** **9.36%** **or** **9.4%)**

**Subtract** **1** **for** **forgetting** **type=1** **(solution** **=** **9.82%)** **Subtract** **2** **if** **PMT=(120)*12** **&** **nper=3** **(solution** **=** **7.49%)**

- Suppose the manager learns that she can earn an annual interest rate of 4%. How much must she deposit at the beginning of each month (instead of the $120 she had planned in part a) in order to reach her goal? Show your work and circle your answer.

nper 36 fv 5,000

rate 4%/12 [1] type = 1

pmt ($130.52) [2]

5

**Subtract** **1** **for** **forgetting** **type=1** **(solution=130.95)**

**Subtract** **1.5** **if** **rate=4%** **and** **nper=3** **(solution** **=** **128.34)** **but** **subtract** **2** **if** **this** **solution** **is** **not** **divided** **by** **12** **(annual** **solution** **=** **1,540.14)**

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to solve the problem in part b.

**=PMT(4%/12,3*12,,5000,1)** **[1]**

**OK** **if** **numbers** **are** **wrong,** **but** **consistent** **with** **part** **b**

**Subtract** **½** **for** **each** **error** **(rounding** **off** **to** **.33%,** **no** **placeholder** **comma,** **etc.)** **Min** **=** **0**

- (7 points) Urban University’s community service office is planning an “alternative spring break” trip, in which students will travel to Florida and build a house for a low-income family. The university has agreed to contribute $20,000 to help defray costs. The two trip leaders will be paid $2,000 each. Travel, accommodations, and food will cost a total of $450 per student, and 40 students are expected to participate. What fee should be charged to each student in order for the trip to break even? Use
__break-even____analysis__(do not prepare a budget), show your work, and circle your answer.

FC 4000 [1] FR 20000 [1] VC 450 [1] Q 40 [1]

VR = (FC-FR)/Q + VC [1]

VR = $50 [2]

**OK** **if** **numbers** **are** **plugged** **directly** **into** **formula** **instead** **of** **shown** **separately.** **Subtract** **½** **if** **answer** **is** **50** **students** **instead** **of** **$50.**

- (10 points) A hospital is trying to decide which of two MRI machines to buy. Machine A has a higher purchase price than Machine B, but would require lower maintenance costs and would generate more patient revenues, as shown in the tables below. The hospital uses a discount rate of 5%.

- Calculate the
__net present value__of each machine. Show your work and circle both of your solutions.

Machine A Machine B

Year Cash outflows Cash inflows **Net** **cash** **flow** Year Cash outflows Cash inflows **Net** **cash** **flow**

0 2,000,000 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 100,000 5 100,000

0 700,000 750,000 800,000 800,000 850,000

**(****2,000,000)** 0 **700,000** 1 **750,000** 2 **800,000** 3 **700,000** 4 **750,000** 5

1,500,000 0 0

100,000 200,000 200,000

0 700,000 700,000 750,000 750,000 800,000

**(****1,500,000)** **700,000** **700,000** **650,000** **550,000** **600,000**

**[2]** **total** **for** **showing** **correct** **net** **cash** **flows** **Subtract** **1/2** **pt** **for** **each** **error** **(min=0)**

**[****2]** **total** **for** **s****howing** **correct** **n****et** **cash** **flows** **Subtract** **1/2** **pt** **for** **e****ach** **error** **(min=0)**

**NPV** **=** **1,201,545** **[2]** **NPV** **=** **1,285,684** [2] **Give** **full** **credit** **for** **wrong** **N****PVs** **if** **consistent** **with** **erroneous** **net** **cash** **flows** **shown.**

6

- Write down the Excel formula (with numerical values plugged in) that you would use to find the net present value of Machine A.
**=NPV(5%,700000,750000,800000,700000,750000)-2000000****[1]**

**Subtract** **½** **for** **each** **error** **(-2000000** **inside** **formula,** **commas** **in** **numbers,** **etc.)** **Minimum** **=** **0.** **OK** **if** **numbers** **are** **wrong** **but** **consistent** **with** **part** **a.**

- Which machine should the hospital buy?
**Machine****B****[1]**

- (10 points) Wagner City’s transit authority planned to charge a subway fare of $1.50 and a bus fare of $1.00 in fiscal year 2008, but ended up raising the subway fare to $1.75 at the beginning of the year (the bus fare of $1.00 remained in effect as planned). The transit authority expected riders to make a total of 48,000 subway trips and 32,000 bus trips during fiscal year 2008, but the actual numbers were 40,000 subway trips and 40,000 bus trips.

- Calculate the
__total, volume, mix, and price variances__. Show your work and circle each of your four solutions.

volume mix price Original budget 80,000 0.60 1.50

80,000 0.40 1.00

Flex budget **80,000** 0.60 1.50 **80,000** 0.40 1.00

72,000 32,000 |

104,000
72,000 32,000 |

104,000 |

[1]

VMA budget

Actual revenue

Volume variance Mix variance Price variance Total variance

**80,00****0** **0.50** **80,000** **0.50**

**80,00****0** **0.50** **80,000** **0.50**

0

(4,000) U 10,000 F 6,000 F

1.50 60,000 1.00 40,000

100,000 [1]

**1.75** 70,000 **1.00** 40,000

110,000 [1] [1]

[1] [1] [1]

**Subtract** **1** **if** **mix** **variance** **is** **labeled** **quantity** **variance** **Subtract** **2** **if** **signs** **and/or** **U/F** **are** **reversed**

**Subtract** **3** **if** **volume** **is** **not** **shown** **as** **total** **number** **of** **trips** **and** **solutions** **are** **not** **correct**

**Subtract** **1** **if** **volume** **is** **not** **shown** **as** **total** **number** **of** **trips** **but** **solutions** **are** **correct** **(and** **subtract** **another** **1** **if,** **for** **this** **reason,** **volume** **and** **mix** **variances** **are** **flipped)**

**Subtract** **2** **for** **error** **in** **mix** **Subtract** **2** **for** **error** **in** **price**

- Write few sentences explaining your results in plain language

**The** **transit** **authority** **earned** **more** **r****evenue** **than** **expected** **[1]** **because** **they** **raised** **the** **subway** **fare** **[1],** **and** **despite** **the** **fact** **that** **a** **smaller** **share** **of** **riders** **rode** **the** **(higher-priced)** **subway** **and** **a** **larger** **share** **rode** **the** **(lower-priced)** **bus** **[1].** **Subtract** **½** **for** **saying** **that** **subway** **ridership** **declined** **without** **specifying** **that** **total** **ridership** **remained** **the** **same,** **or** **for** **otherwise** **being** **vague** **about** **why** **the** **mix** **variance** **is** **unfavorable.)**

7

**Part** **III.** **Budget** **Preparation** **(34** **points)**

Atlantic Aquarium is a small, three-year-old, not-for-profit aquarium. As the aquarium’s financial manager, you are responsible for preparing an __annual operating budget__ and a __semiannual cash budget__ for fiscal year 2010, which begins on January 1, 2010. (Semiannual means your cash budget must separately show the first half of the year and the second half of the year in side-by-side columns. You do NOT need to include a third column showing the annual total.)

In FY 2010, an estimated 100,000 visitors will visit the aquarium, spread evenly throughout the year. Admissions prices are $10 for general admission and $5 for children and senior citizens. You expect 60% of the visitors to pay the general admission price and the rest to qualify for the discounted price. In addition, you expect the aquarium to earn a $300,000 research grant and $100,000 in contributions. The research grant will be received in January. The contributions will be received evenly throughout the year. The aquarium will begin FY 2010 with $12,000 in cash.

The aquarium’s employees will earn annual salaries and benefits totaling $400,000, to be paid in twelve equal monthly installments during the year. The aquarium plans to pay for $200,000 worth of fish food and other supplies in January and use them evenly throughout the year. The aquarium will hold a special event in December at a cost of $100,000; the Aquarium will pay half of this amount in December and half in January of FY 2011. Utilities will cost $50,000 and will be used and paid for evenly throughout the year. The aquarium expects to receive and pay for $300,000 worth of new equipment in January. The equipment is expected to last 10 years and to have no salvage value. The aquarium owns its own building, which was purchased and renovated three years ago at a cost of $5 million. You estimate that the building has a total useful lifetime of 25 years and no salvage value. The aquarium has no outstanding loans and no plans to borrow.

(Please do not use this space)

8

Please prepare your __annual operating budget__ on this page.

0.5 pt for complete heading

Atlantic Aquarium Annual operating budget FY 2010

0.5 __Revenues and support__ Admissions

Grants Contributions

0.5 __Expenses__

Salaries and benefits Supplies

Special events Utilities Depreciation

0.5 __Profit__

800,000 300,000 100,000 1,200,000

400,000 200,000 100,000 50,000 230,000 980,000 220,000

2 1 1

1 1 1 1 2

1 if = rev – exp even if wrong #

Total = 13 points

Do not give credit for fundamentally wrong formatting (e.g. “ending balance” instead of “profit”) but do give credit for acceptable alternatives (e.g. “surplus”)

Subtract 1/2 point for fundamentally wrong labels (e.g. “equipment” instead of “depreciation”) but not for minor errors (e.g. “salaries” instead of “salaries and benefits”)

Subtract ½ for denoting profit with an “F”

Subtract 1 for showing capital investment in expenses

Subtract 1 if total revenue is not equal to the sum of all revenue Subtract 1 if total expenses is not equal to the sum of all expenses

9

Please prepare your __semiannual cash budget__ on this page.

0.5 pt for complete heading

Atlantic Aquarium Semiannual cash budget FY 2010

0.5 __Beginning balance__ 0.5 __Cash receipts__

Admissions Grants Contributions

Total cash receipts 0.5 __Available cash__

0.5 __Cash payments__ Salaries and benefits Supplies

Special events Utilities

Total cash payments 0.5 __Subtotal__

0.5 __Investment__

0.5 __Ending balance__

First half 12,000

400,000 300,000 50,000 750,000 762,000

200,000 200,000 0 25,000 425,000 337,000

(300,000) 37,000

Second half 37,000

400,000 0 50,000 450,000 487,000

200,000 0 50,000 25,000 275,000 212,000 0 212,000

2* if 2nd half bb = 1st half eb, even if wrong #

1 2 1

1 if = bb + cr, even if wrong #

1 2 2 1

1 if = ac – cp, even if wrong # 2

1 if = sub + inv, even if wrong #

Total = 21 points

* Each of these points refers to __total__ credit for __b____oth__ numbers in the row. If one number is right and one is wrong, assign half this amount.

Do not give credit for fundamentally wrong formatting (e.g. “expenses” instead of “payments”) But do give credit for acceptable alternatives (e.g. “disbursements”)

Subtract 2 points for including depreciation

Subtract 1 point if investment/equipment is shown in the cash payment section Subtract 0.5 points for not showing the investment as a negative value Subtract 0.5 points for showing payments as negative values

Subtract 1 point for each inclusion of incorrect items (e.g. “repayment of loan”)

10

**Wagner** **Graduate** **School** **of** **Public** **Service**

**Financial** **Management** **of** **Public,** **Nonprofit,** **and** **Health** **Organizations** **(P11.1021)**

__Waiver Exam__

The Waiver Exam for P11.1021 has two modules:

**Module** **I** reflects the material in the first half of the course. It is most similar to material in a Managerial Accounting class, although it also has elements of Corporate Finance. The exam should take 1 hour but we will allow you 1.5 hours if needed.

**Module** **II** reflects the material in the second half of the course. It is most similar to the material from a course in Financial Accounting, although it also contains information typically found in courses on Government Accounting and Not-for-Profit Accounting. The exam should take 1.5 hours, including reviewing the financial statements that are part of the exam, but you may take 2 hours if needed.

You must earn a grade of 70 out of 100 or better to pass a module. If your grade on a waiver exam module is below 70, we believe that you would benefit substantially from taking the course. The P11.1021 course is the foundation for the other courses in the finance specialization. Thus, students who want to pursue the finance specialization should consider taking P11.1021 if your grade on a module on the waiver exam is less than 85.

**If** **you** **pass** **both** **modules**, you may waive P11.1021.

**If** **you** **pass** **Module** **I** **only**, then you may take the second half of P11.1021 as a two-credit directed reading in lieu of taking the full P11.1021 course. In this case you will be required to submit all assignments from the second half of the course, and to take the final exam.

**If** **you** **pass** **Module** **II** **only**, you may take the first half of P11.1021 as a two-credit directed reading, in lieu of taking the full course. All homework and assignments for the first half of P11.1021 are required, and the P11.1021 midterm exam will serve as the final exam for the two-credit course.

You may sit for either Module I or Module II, or both. If you choose to sit for only one of the two Modules, you forfeit the opportunity to sit for the other module at a later time. A failed waiver exam module may not be retaken. If you choose to sit for both, it must be done in one sitting, with a brief break between the two modules.

You may bring a financial calculator with time value of money functions to the exam and are encouraged to do so.

To prepare for the exam, students are encouraged to review the syllabus for the course (available on the Wagner website) and to review the course textbook, which is available at the NYU Professional Bookstore on LaGuardia Place or at the NYU Bobst Library.

1021_Waiver_ModuleII_PracticeExam_and_Solution1 1021_Waiver_ModuleI_PracticeExam_and_Solution1 1021_Waiver_Module_II_Practice_Exam_Financial_Statements1