Attached is a file/picture of Greenland broken down into sections, SECTION 19 is the section paper is about and to be looked at using google earth and the Artic DEM.
The first page of the essay will be your proposal. Write this proposal as a kind of persuasive essay in which you are trying to convince us to let you do this research project. This is good practice for the future because in many professions you will need to write proposals to get money for something. A one-page proposal can be built around answering three simple questions:
1. What am I proposing to do?
For instance, you can say: I am proposing to test the hypothesis that there have been no changes in glaciers in the part of Greenland that I will analyze. Or you can say that: I am proposing to test the hypothesis that all glaciers in this part of Greenland have disappeared in the period between the 1980s and now. Or you can say that you are hypothesizing that you will see some glaciers that did not change and some that did. Possibilities are (almost) endless. Then give some background information that justifies why you are proposing a given hypothesis.
2. Why am I proposing to do this?
This is the part in which you should use persuasion. Why is it important to do what you are proposing to do? Try to think more broadly about it than just saying that you need to do this for this class.
3. How am I proposing to do this?
This is your methods section. What data, computer resources, and approaches will you use to test the hypothesis that you posed in point (1) above? State also what results you expect to see and how they will help you to test your hypothesis.
The second page of this essay should be an outline for your research paper. What sections do you plan to include, and what content will be included in these sections?
Your third page will be your introduction. It should provide quick answers to the three fundamental questions: what, why, how? [what your paper is about, why is this topic worth writing about, and how will the topic be tackled in the paper?] You may recognize this as being similar to the structure of your proposal. In fact, feel free to lean on your proposal to help you write the introduction section. Just remember that you will also write a separate Methods section, so do not use too much space on writing about the ‘how’ part of the introduction.
The fourth page of this assignment will be the Methods section. This is where you describe the details of how you are collecting the observations you need for this research. Make sure you talk about both, how you will be using satellite imagery from Google and how you will use elevation information from the Arctic DEM web application. Just describe the two data collection processes in detail (step by step). The idea is to provide enough detailed information so that somebody else could reproduce your data collection in exactly the same way you did it. The concept of reproducibility of research is an essential foundation of scientific research.
The fifth, sixth and seventh maybe even eigth page should be about the results. My recommendation is to break up this section into two parts. One should be focused on your analysis of glacier retreat based on observations using Google Earth. The other section should focus on data constraining ice elevation changes that you will get from the Arctic DEM Explorer. It would be helpful if you include a figure or a table to summarize some of your results in an organized and succinct way. Remember that this section is focused on presenting your observations. It is not a section where you should discuss these results or draw conclusions. And methods have already been discussed by you in the previous section. The results section should be a cogent presentation of the observations you made; nothing more, nothing less. I emphasize this because it is actually not easy to really separate all these things from each other. So, watch out for that.
Finally the eight, ninth and tenth pages are your discussions and conclusion. The discussion part should be longer than the conclusions part. The conclusions part can be just a single paragraph. The main goal of the discussion part is to discuss the results presented in the Results section. What is it that you found? Do your findings agree with what you assumed in the first place? For instance, if you assumed that glaciers in your study area have retreated and thinned, do your observations confirm that, or are they not consistent with your original assumption? Or maybe some of your observations confirm your initial assumption while others do not? Do you see any spatial patterns in your data? For instance, glaciers in one portion of your study area may be doing one thing while in another one they are doing something opposite. Finally, include a discussion of how your observations correspond to what has been happening to glaciers around the world in the last few decades.
The conclusions paragraph contains, well, your final conclusions from the study you performed.