Chapter 5 Questions
1- Why is economic evaluation important to resource allocation?
2- What are the different types of economic evaluation? How do they differ from one another?
3- How do economic evaluation studies contribute to decision making in the health care sector? What are some examples?
4- What are the similarities and differences between cost-effectiveness analysis and comparative effectiveness research?
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Chapter 6 Questions
- What factors would you use to estimate the level of demand for medical care for the typical individual? How would your choice of variables differ if you were estimating demand for an entire country?
- Policymakers often use infant mortality rates and life expectancy at birth when evaluating the efficacy of health care systems. In addition to living and dying, what other aspects of health status are important? How does the choice of measurement tool change our perspective when evaluating health care systems?
- The stated premise behind the production function for health is that medical care when combined with other inputs and a person’s own time produces good health. What is the marginal contribution of medical care to the production of health in the United States? How would your answer change if you were studying health in a less-developed country?
- Is medical care a luxury good or a necessity? Why should it matter to policymakers? What is the empirical evidence?
- The RAND Health Insurance Study was set up to examine the effect of economic incentives on medical care demand. What were the major findings of this study?
- In general, how does medical insurance affect an individual’s demand for medical care? Does insurance normally result in an increase or decrease medical spending?