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Question: French and Raven (1958) determined five forms of power. What are they and what form of power could be possessed by an IT professional?

09 Oct 2022,9:51 PM

1. French and Raven (1958) determined five forms of power. What are they and what form of power could be possessed by an IT professional?

2. In Database Normalisation, what is Second Normal Form? Provide an example to illustrate your answer.

3. What is meant by Master Data and why is it one of the most complex types of data within an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system?

4. What is a Data Flow Diagram (DFD) and what are its key components?

5. What are the principles of good User Interface (UI) Design?

6. What are the key stages within the Planning Phase of the Systems Development Lifecycle (SDLC). Provide an example for each. (5 marks)

7. What do you understand by the term “Process technology” and its relevance with the operations management area?

8. What are the different types of information process technology? List some application areas of information process technology within an organisation

9. List and explain the components of an Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) (5 marks). Construct an ERD for an online business of your choice using these notations (10 marks). You should aim for a relatively simple process, but ensure that all components are included at least once.

10. Introduce the Systems Development Lifecycle with specific reference to the waterfall model (5 marks). Evaluate the principles and values of Agile in relation to this model (5 marks). Furthermore, critically discuss the following statement (5 marks),

Agile has largely replaced the traditional Waterfall model as the methodology of choice for Technology Professionals.’

11.  Introduce the 5-step Maturity Framework for Information Systems (5 marks). Using an example of an Information System from an organization with which you are familiar. Locate the organisation within the framework and explain how it would ‘climb’ the maturity model to a higher step (10 marks).

12. The success of the implementation an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system largely depends on how well the organisation understands its own business and processes. Discuss this statement in relation to the costs and benefits of such systems.

13. What are the three dimensions for evaluating the Process Technology in an organisation? (5 marks). Explain each dimension from the perspective of volume-variety matrix and give examples (10 marks).

14. Draw a detailed Business Process Modelling Notation (BPMN) diagram of a taxi ordering service from the mobile app. The BPMN should contain at least all basic components and some additional ones discussed in the class.

Expert answer


The five forms of power that French and Raven identified are legitimate, coercive, reward, informative, and expert. An IT professional could possess expert power by having a deep understanding of the technology they are working with and the ability to use that knowledge to influence the decisions of others. An IT manager could have coercive power by threatening to withhold pay or bonuses if employees do not comply with their demands. A manager could also have reward power, which they could use to incentivize employees by offering them rewards for meeting certain targets or goals.


Informative power is a less common form of power, but it can be just as influential. This type of power comes from having information that others do not have access to and using it to influence their decisions. For example, an IT professional who has inside information about a new product release could use this knowledge to persuade other employees to purchase the product. Finally, legitimate power is a form of authority that comes from holding a position of power within an organization. An IT manager who has been with the company for many years and has a lot of experience in the field could have this type of power.


The five forms of power can be used in different ways, but they all ultimately aim to influence the decisions of others. When used correctly, these forms of power can be incredibly effective in getting employees to comply with demands or achieve goals. However, it is important to use them sparingly and only when absolutely necessary, as too much power can lead to resentment and resistance from employees.



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