Fixed income securities: Securities that generate predetermined and fixed periodic payments. Examples include bonds, loans and mortgages, preferred stock etc. We focus on bonds. Maturity: the length of time for which a bond exists. Face value: the principal amount that is promised to be repaid at maturity. Coupon payments: the periodic interests generated by a bond. Coupon rate: the ratio of coupon payments over the face value. Usually expressed in annual terms.
Study consumption patterns over one’s life time. A topic of microeconomics, macroeconomics, and financial economics. The latter two fields build their theories on the micro foundations. Key results: Consumers smooth their consumption over lifetime; they save when they are rich, and dissave when they are poor. Permanent income hypothesis Consumption is largely determined by permanent income, rather than transitory income.
I. ABCS ABOUT STOCK A. COMMON STOCK: IMPORTANT FEATURES Represents ownership. Also known as equity or shares. A natural consequence of corporations. Shares are residual claims. Creditors and preferred shareholders (which will be introduced soon) must be paid as scheduled before common stockholders can receive any payments. Has limited liability. Common shareholders may lose their initial investment but not more. Common stock typically has voting rights. One share one vote. Internet technology has made voting easier for individual stockholders. The majority rule usually applies. But some decisions require the approval from more than one half of the stockholders.
Selected Problems Authors ‘Solution Chapter 14
Selected Problems Authors ‘Solution Chapter 17
Supply Chain Supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer. Supply chain activities involve the transformation of natural resources, raw materials, and components into a finished product that is delivered to the end customer
Finance is the study of how people allocate scarce resources over time. Two features that distinguish financial decisions from other resource allocation decisions are that the costs and benefits of financial decisions are (1) spread out over time and (2) usually not known with certainty in advance by either the decision makers or anybody else. In deciding whether to start your own restaurant, for example, you must weigh the costs (such as the investment in fixing up the place and buying the stoves, tables, chairs, little paper umbrellas for exotic drinks, and other equipment you need) against the uncertain benefits (your future profits) that you expect to reap over several years.
In this lecture, we will cover: Decisions with multiple objectives and attributes Criteria for fundamental objectives and their attributes Trading off conflicting objectives The additive utility function Assessing (quantifying) utility functions, i.e., scores, and weights
Research was conducted to develop a capability for quantification and assessr-nt of in-flight pilot performance for utilization in Under¬ graduate Pilot Training (UPT). This feasibility effort was directed to overcoming the disadvantages of the traditional subjective rating of a pilot trainee's performance by the instructor pilot. This was accomplished through the development of an automated, objective performance measurement system that possesses the characteristics of reliability, validity, and sensitivity.
This research has evaluated the rules, guidelines and regulations related to docking a ship in floating-graving yards. Historical failure data analysis is carried out to identify associated components, equipment and the area of defects related to ship docking evolution problems. The current status of ship docking evolution is reviewed and possible sources which cause accidents are recognised. The major problems identified in this research are associated with risk modelling under circumstances where high levels of uncertainty exist. Following the identification of research needs, this work has developed several analytical models for the application of Formal Safety Assessment (FSA). Such models are subsequently demonstrated by their corresponding case studies with regards to application of FSA for ship docking evolution.
Operations challenges by industry group Advanced industries Most affected by material shortages, primarily due to interconnected supply chains spanning multiple geographies. An auto company in commented, “ We are facing raw-material shortages including aluminum and imported chemicals.”
Taiwan Videos Inside Taiwan's Tech Industry - BBC Click (24 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvGm hvqrTWU How Taiwan Lost Its Roar And Its Young Talents https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3BCn Pb8qHY
South Korea is famous for its spectacular rise from one of the poorest countries in the world to a developed, high-income country in just one generation. South Korea has experienced one of the largest economic transformations of the past 60 years. It started as an agriculture-based economy in the 1960s, and it became the 11th largest economy in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016. How did the industrialization miracle take place? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KqC_XV1SvXM
Asset valuation: PV, valuation of bonds and stocks. (Week 1, 2, 4, 5). Equilibrium consumption-based asset pricing models, stochastic discount factors. (Week 6) Risk neutral probabilities, contingent-claim markets, no arbitrage, and law of one price. (Week 7) Portfolio theory, CAPM, and efficient markets. (Week 8, 9) Application: pricing options and futures. (Week 10—12)
Outsourcing – Trends OUTSOURCING EXISTS ON a fairly simple premise: If you can do something, there must be someone else out there capable of performing that same task — only cheaper. With the advance of the internet, almost anything can be outsourced with some time and consideration. Why It Matters: Outsourcing Jobs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ymT1W-g_FCY What the Candidates Won't Explain about Outsourcing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aw4TMTYKxno Why Outsourcing is Bad for Business https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7fsEIp2r_8
TOOLS FOR PROJECT ANALYSIS A. NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV) In Week 1 we briefly looked at how to use NPV to evaluate an investment opportunity. I.e., accept a project if NPV>0, and reject it if NPV<0. In an environment with uncertainty, the NPV methods requires discounting the expected cash flows with a risk-adjusted discount rate. Idea of valuating a project: Project value=discounted value of expected payoffs using riskadjusted returns as discount rates Applying the NPV method to analyze a project amounts to: 1. Estimating and forecasting the project’s cash flows . 2. Finding an appropriate discount rate that reflects the riskiness of the project.
Samsung (삼성; 三星) is a South Korean multinational conglomerate . Samsung is the largest South Korean chaebol. Samsung entered the electronics industry in the late 1960s and the construction and shipbuilding industries in the mid-1970s Since 1990, Samsung has increasingly globalized its activities and electronics; in particular, its mobile phones and semiconductors have become its most important source of income. 2021, Samsung has the 5th highest global brand value Video: "Innovate: South Korea" - Inside Samsung's secret ideas lab https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wt8E1dwYK8
A concern in modern aircraft is that flightcrews are inundated with an enormous amount of automation. This has changed the role of the flightcrew and has demanded increased monitoring behaviors than ever before. Because flightcrew behavior is less observable, the challenge in the human factors research industry is to identify pilot performance through new evaluation tools and techniques.
The Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum. The report "assesses the ability of countries to provide high levels of prosperity to their citizens.” Global Competitiveness Report ranks countries based on the Global Competitiveness Index. Original ideas were based on Jeffrey Sachs's Growth Development Index and Michael Porter's Business Competitiveness Index. The Global Competitiveness Index integrates the macroeconomic and the micro/business aspects of competitiveness into a single index.
Made In Taiwan "Made in Taiwan" used to mean anything sold in a five-and-dime store In the 1970s, Taiwan churned out just about every cheap umbrella, polyester shirt, and generic plastic toy sold in the U.S. Now "Made in Taiwan" means research and development, innovation, and tough competition for American manufacturers. It is also the place U.S. corporations turn to produce high-tech goods.
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