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Question: What effects, negative and positive, do the founder's activism have on Patagonia and its strategy? How might these affect revenues?

04 Oct 2022,2:28 PM


As this week's reading notes state, Patagonia gives us the opportunity to examine a company that made a formal adoption of the stakeholder theory of the firm as Patagonia operates as both a B-Corp and benefit corporation.

The former, B-Corp, is a certification, like fair trade or organic. The latter requires, benefit corporation, a change to a company's charter to allow a company to consider non-financial interests and all stakeholders, as opposed to the traditional corporate charter, which prioritizes shareholders. The change is legal in 36 states. I added links for info about both in the postscript should you have an interest in more info. In the news this past year, we've seen activist investors, whose intent includes insisting that organizations recognize their needs as stakeholders (and in the case of EXXON, to recognize the environment as a stakeholder on its own). Such investors also a ask boards to consider business from the stakeholder view, rather than just the shareholder view of the firm, a tough path without changing a corporate charter.

1. What effects, negative and positive, do the founder's activism have on Patagonia and its strategy? How might these affect revenues? (2 pages)

2. Patagonia shares elements of its Product Lifecycle initiative (PLI) with other organizations in other industries and its own. Is this helpful or harmful? What effect(s) might doing so have on strategy? (1 Page)

3. Do you think a differentiation model based on environmentalism, such as Patagonia’s is sustainable in the long term (five years of more)? Why or why not? Can including environmental sustainability in business strategy improve competitive advantage? (1 Page)

4. How might Patagonia’s business model be different if it were a publicly-held entity? (1 Page)


Expert answer


Many people are familiar with Patagonia as an outdoor clothing company, but fewer are aware of the company's activism and environmental work. This is largely due to the fact that Patagonia's founder, Yvon Chouinard, is a very outspoken advocate for environmental causes. While this has certainly helped to raise the profile of the company and its products, it has also caused some controversy.


Some critics have accused Patagonia of being hypocritical, arguing that the company's production process is actually harmful to the environment. Others have praised the company for its commitment to sustainability and social responsibility.


There is no doubt that Chouinard's activism has had both positive and negative effects on Patagonia. On the one hand, it has helped to raise awareness of the company and its products. On the other hand, it has also created some challenges for Patagonia's growth.


Overall, however, it seems that Chouinard's activism has been largely positive for Patagonia. The company has been able to use its platform to promote important environmental causes, and its commitment to sustainability has helped to differentiate it from other brands in the industry. As a result, Patagonia's revenues have grown steadily in recent years, and the company shows no signs of slowing down.

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